French Polynesia, originally French Oceania, is a French overseas territory in Polynesia. It consists of a total of 118 smaller islands and atolls that belong to five archipelagos in the southern Pacific. The islands are spread over an area of water of around 4,000,000 km2 with a land area of just over 4,000 km².
The Society Islands were settled around 200 BC by coming from Tonga and Samoa. Together with the Marquesas, they formed the Polynesian heartland and thus the springboard for the settlement of Hawaii, New Zealand, the Gambier Islands and Easter Island.
The most famous and most populous island is Tahiti; the Mururoa atoll, where the French nuclear force conducted nuclear tests, also belongs to French Polynesia.