Uruguay; officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America. It borders Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the Rio de la Plata (River of Silver) to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. Uruguay is home to an estimated 3.44 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the metropolitan area of its capital and largest city, Montevideo. With an area of approximately 176,000 square kilometres (68,000 sq mi), Uruguay is geographically the second-smallest nation in South America, after Suriname.

After the arrival of European settlers, the horses and cattle which were abandoned by the Spaniards on the vast meadows of the Pampa developed into large herds, which formed the basis for the country’s economic wealth. Today, Uruguay is one of the most stable, democratic and prosperous countries in Latin America. (Source: Wikipedia)